git status shows the current state of your Git working directory and staging area.
git status Do?
When in doubt, run
git status. This is always a good idea. The
git status command only outputs information, it won’t modify commits or changes in your local repository.
A useful feature of
git status is that it will provide helpful information depending on your current situation. In general, you can count on it to tell you:
HEADis pointing, whether that is a branch or a commit (this is where you are “checked out” to)
- If you have any changed files in your current directory that have not yet been committed
- If changed files are staged or not
- If your current local branch is linked to a remote branch, then
git statuswill tell you if your local branch is behind or ahead by any commits
During merge conflicts,
git status will also tell you exactly which files are the source of the conflict.
How to Use
Common usages and options for
git status: Most often used in its default form, this shows a good base of information
git status -s: Give output in short format
git status -v: Shows more “verbose” detail including the textual changes of any uncommitted files
You can see all of the options with
git status in git-scm’s documentation.
git clone [url]: Clone (download) a repository that already exists on GitHub, including all of the files, branches, and commits.
git remote -v: Show the associated remote repositories and their stored name, like
git remote add origin <url>: Add a remote so you can collaborate with others on a newly initialized repository.
git push: Uploads all local branch commits to the remote.
git push -u origin master: When pushing a branch for the first time, this type of push will configure the relationship between the remote and your local repository so that you can use
git pushwith no additional options in the future.